DAILYKENN.com -- Meningococcal disease is once again invading Australia.
According to webmd.com, "Meningococcal meningitis can be fatal or cause great harm without prompt treatment; as many as one out of five people who contract the infection have serious complications."
"It causes the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord to become inflamed," the site reported.
Austrlia has been invaded by Sudanese "migrants" in recent years. Sudan is located in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa. The southern region of Sudan and nearly all of South Sudan lies in the high epidemic risk area.
From thewest.com.au ▼ Cathy O'Leary
WA has recorded its first case of meningococcal disease for the year, in a young child.
The WA Health Department said the child was recovering in hospital after being diagnosed with a B strain of the bacterial disease.
Three cases reported in the first week of January – all in adults – were included in figures for last year, when there were 41 cases, comprising 30 W strain infections, eight B strains and three Y strains.
The department said the incidence of meningococcal disease had decreased significantly in WA – down from a peak of 86 cases in 2000 to a low of 16 cases in 2013.
But it was now increasing again due to the emergence of new virulent W strains of meningococcal bacteria, and to a lesser extent Y strains.
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