By 1830, approximately 1,556 Negro master in the Deep South owned a total of 7,188 slaves. Representing about 42 percent of the Negro owners in the entire South [ed. 3,775 black families owned slaves in 1830], they owned 60 percent of the black-owned slaves (7,188 of 11,912). In Charleston District, 407 owners possessed 2,195 blacks, and in the state of South Carolina, 450 free Negro masters owned 2,412 slaves. In New Orleans, there were 753 Negro owners, including 25 who owned at least 10 bondsmen and women and another 116 who owned between 5 and 9 slaves. In eight rural Louisiana sugar and cotton parishes (Iberville, Natchitoches, Ouachita, Point Coupee, St. John the Baptist, St. Landry, St. Martin, and West Baton Rouge), 43 creoles of color (1.2 percent of the South's total number of slaveholders) owned a total of 1,327 blacks, or 1 out of 9 slves owned by Negroes. Some had received their frist slaves from white relatives. Others had built up their plantations through shrewd management. In St. John the Baptist Parish, 3 plantation owners held 139 blacks in bondage -- an average of 46 slaves each; in Point Coupee Parish, 8 plantation owners held 297 slaves, an average of 38 slaves each; and in Iberville Parish, 6 planters owned 184 bondsmen and women -- an average of 31 slaves each. In 1830, approximately 1 free Negro family in 4 in the region was a slaveholder.The text continues describing American black slave traders.
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